What Is The Molecular Weigh Of Dmg

Posted : admin On 12/28/2021
What Is The Molecular Weigh Of Dmg

Of DMG, including US Patent #7,229646B2 entitled, “Methods and Compositions for Modulating the Immune Response and for the Treatment of. Inflammatory Disease.” Vetri FLEX ® is an advanced joint formula, containing extensively researched ingredients with superior bioavailability using low molecular weight and Phytosome ® technology.

IUPAC name
Other names
  • 1118-68-9
  • 653
ECHA InfoCard100.012.971
EC Number
  • 214-267-8
  • C01026
RTECS number
CompTox Dashboard(EPA)
  • InChI=1S/C4H9NO2/c1-5(2)3-4(6)7/h3H2,1-2H3,(H,6,7)
  • CN(C)CC(O)=O
Molar mass103.121 g·mol−1
AppearanceWhite crystals
Density1.069 g/mL
Melting point 178 to 182 °C (352 to 360 °F; 451 to 455 K)
Boiling point 175.2 °C (347.4 °F; 448.3 K)
GHS pictograms
GHS Signal wordWarning
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
>650 mg kg−1(oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanoic acids
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dimethylglycine (DMG) is a derivative of the amino acidglycine with the structural formula (CH3)2NCH2COOH. It can be found in beans and liver. It can be formed from trimethylglycine upon the loss of one of its methyl groups. It is also a byproduct of the metabolism of choline.

When DMG was first discovered, it was referred to as Vitamin B16, but, unlike true B vitamins, deficiency of DMG in the diet does not lead to any ill-effects and it is synthesized by the human body in the citric acid (or Krebs) cycle meaning it does not meet the definition of a vitamin.


Dimethylglycine has been suggested for use as an athletic performance enhancer, immunostimulant, and a treatment for autism, epilepsy, or mitochondrial disease.[2] There is no evidence that dimethylglycine is effective for treating mitochondrial disease.[3] Published studies on the subject have shown little to no difference between DMG treatment and placebo in autism spectrum disorders.[4][5]

Biological activity[edit]

Dimethylglycine has been found to act as an agonist of the glycine site of the NMDA receptor.[6]


This compound is commercially available as the free form amino acid, and as the hydrochloride salt [2491-06-7 ]. DMG may be prepared by the alkylation of glycine via the Eschweiler–Clarke reaction. In this reaction, glycine is treated with aqueous formaldehyde in formic acid that serves as both solvent and reductant. Hydrochloric acid is added thereafter to give the hydrochloride salt. The free amino acid may have been obtained by neutralization of the acid salt, which has been performed with silver oxide.[7]

H2NCH2COOH + 2 CH2O + 2 HCOOH → (CH3)2NCH2COOH + 2 CO2 + 2 H2O


  1. ^'dimethylglycine - Compound Summary'. PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  2. ^'Dimethylglycine'. About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products. Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center. December 8, 2009.
  3. ^Pfeffer, Gerald; Majamaa, Kari; Turnbull, Douglass M.; Thorburn, David; Chinnery, Patrick F. (2012-04-18). 'Treatment for mitochondrial disorders'. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): CD004426. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004426.pub3. ISSN1469-493X. PMID22513923.
  4. ^Bolman WM, Richmond JA (June 1999). 'A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover pilot trial of low-dose dimethylglycine in patients with autistic disorder'. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 29 (3): 191–4. doi:10.1023/A:1023023820671. PMID10425581.
  5. ^Kern JK, Miller VS, Cauller PL, Kendall PR, Mehta PJ, Dodd M (March 2001). 'Effectiveness of N,N-dimethylglycine in autism and pervasive developmental disorder'. Journal of Child Neurology. 16 (3): 169–73. doi:10.1177/088307380101600303. PMID11305684.
  6. ^Lin, Jen-Cheng; Chan, Ming-Huan; Lee, Mei-Yi; Chen, Yi-Chyan; Chen, Hwei-Hsien (2016). 'N,N-dimethylglycine differentially modulates psychotomimetic and antidepressant-like effects of ketamine in mice'. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 71: 7–13. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2016.06.002. ISSN0278-5846. PMID27296677.
  7. ^Clarke, H. T.; Gillespie, H. B.; Weisshaus, S. Z. (1933). 'The Action of Formaldehyde on Amines and Amino Acids'. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 55 (11): 4571. doi:10.1021/ja01338a041.
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dimethylglycine&oldid=931838436'
IUPAC name
Other names
  • Dimethylglyoxime
  • Diacetyl dioxime
  • Butane-2,3-dioxime
  • Chugaev's reagent
  • 95-45-4
  • 10606175
ECHA InfoCard100.002.201
EC Number
RTECS number
  • EK2975000
CompTox Dashboard(EPA)
  • InChI=1S/C4H8N2O2/c1-3(5-7)4(2)6-8/h7-8H,1-2H3/b5-3-,6-4+
  • InChI=1/C4H8N2O2/c1-3(5-7)4(2)6-8/h7-8H,1-2H3/b5-3-,6-4+
  • CC(=NO)C(C)=NO
Molar mass116.120 g·mol−1
AppearanceWhite/Off White Powder
Density1.37 g/cm3
Melting point 240 to 241 °C (464 to 466 °F; 513 to 514 K)
Boiling pointdecomposes
Main hazardsToxic, Skin/Eye Irritant
Safety data sheetExternal MSDS
GHS pictograms
GHS Signal wordDanger
H228, H301
P210, P240, P241, P264, P270, P280, P301+310, P321, P330, P370+378, P405, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
verify (what is ?)
Infobox references

Dimethylglyoxime is a chemical compound described by the formula CH3C(NOH)C(NOH)CH3. Its abbreviation is dmgH2 for neutral form, and dmgH for anionic form, where H stands for hydrogen. This colourless solid is the dioxime derivative of the diketone butane-2,3-dione (also known as diacetyl). DmgH2 is used in the analysis of palladium or nickel. Its coordination complexes are of theoretical interest as models for enzymes and as catalysts. Many related ligands can be prepared from other diketones, e.g. benzil.


Dimethylglyoxime can be prepared from butanone first by reaction with ethyl nitrite to give biacetyl monoxime. The second oxime is installed using sodium hydroxylamine monosulfonate:[1]


Dimethylglyoxime is used to detect and quantify nickel, which forms the bright red complex nickel bis(dimethylglyoximate) (Ni(dmgH)2). The reaction was discovered by L. A. Chugaev in 1905.[2]

Cobalt complexes have also received much attention. In chloro(pyridine)cobaloxime[3] the macrocycle [dmgH]22− mimics the macrocyclic ligand found in vitamin B12.

Structure of chloro(pyridine)cobaloxime.


Molecular Weight Of Water

  1. ^Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. (1930). 'Dimethylglyoxime'. Organic Syntheses. 10: 22. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.010.0022.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^Lev Tschugaeff (1905). 'Über ein neues, empfindliches Reagens auf Nickel'. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft. 38 (3): 2520–2522. doi:10.1002/cber.19050380317.
  3. ^Girolami, G.. S.; Rauchfuss, T.B.; Angelici, R. J. (1999). Synthesis and Technique in Inorganic Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual (3rd ed.). pp. 213–215.

What Is The Molecular Weigh Of Dmg Body

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dimethylglyoxime&oldid=931825982'